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Counterinsurgency (COIN)

Security
Info Net
 
A collection of news articles, blogs, books, reports, movies, and references about counterinsurgency or COIN.


Topics on This Page


Blogs about Counterinsurgency
Websites About COIN
Reading Lists on COIN
Reports and Publications on COIN
Military Publications
Books on Counterinsurgency
Movies about Counterinsurgency
New Articles about COIN

"There is another type of war, new in its intensity, ancient in its origins - war by guerrillas, subversives, insurgents, assassins; war by ambush instead of combat; by infiltration instead of aggression, seeking victory by eroding and exhausting the enemy instead of engaging him.  It requires - in those situations where we must encounter it - a whole new kind of strategy, a wholly different king of force, and therefore, a new and wholly different kind of military training."

President John F. Kennedy, Speech at 1961 West Point Graduation

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Blogs about Counterinsurgency

Counterinsurgency Center Blog.  USA Combined Arms Center.

Afghanistan War Blogs.  Security Info Net.

All Things Counter Terrorism.  Leah Farrall of Australia.

COIN Central.  The Counterinsurgency Journal.

Milblogging.com Afghanistan.  A listing of Afghanistan milblogs.

Military Briefing Book.  Topics on Counterinsurgency.

NATO Training Mission Afghanistan.  Blog.

Security Info Net Blog Posts on Counterinsurgency
www.securityinfonet.blogspot.com/search/label/counterinsurgency

Afghan War News Blog Posts on Counterinsurgency
www.afghanwarnews.blogspot.com/search/label/counterinsurgency

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Websites About Counterinsurgency

Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan.  North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
http://natolibguides.info/counterinsurgency

Counterinsurgency and Airpower. Special Forces Training.
www.specialforcestraining.info/topics/coin-airpower.htm

Counterinsurgency Center.  U.S. Army Combined Arms Center.

International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) Counterinsurgency.  www.isaf.nato.int/COIN

Insurgency Research Group.
http://insurgencyresearchgroup.wordpress.com/

Counterinsurgency.  Online Information for the Defense Community.
http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/stresources/dticreview/coin/eRef.html

Counterinsurgency Documents.  Small Wars Journal.  Extensive links to military and non-military documents, reports, references, and field manuals on counterinsurgency.

Counter-insurgency by Wikipedia.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Counter-insurgency

Bureau of Conflict and Stabilization Operations - U.S. State Department
www.state.gov/j/cso/index.htm

Air War College COIN References
www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/awc-thry.htm#coin

Latin American Insurgencies, Terrorist Groups and Indigenous Movements: A Bibliography
http://fmso.leavenworth.army.mil/documents/insurgbib.htm

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Reading Lists & Bibliographies on COIN

Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan.  North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).
http://natolibguides.info/counterinsurgency

CAC Commander's Counterinsurgency Reading List, Combined Arms Research Library
http://carl.army.mil/resources/biblio/CAC_counterinsurgency.asp

Annotated Bibliography for Resolute Support (Afghanistan), 2015
www.afghanwarnews.info/pubs/RSM-Bibliography.htm

The Afghanistan Analyst Bibliography, 5th Edition, January 2010
http://easterncampaign.files.wordpress.com/2009/02/afghanistanbibliography2010.pdf

U.S. Marine Corps Professional Reading Program - COIN, Pentagon Library Intranet
http://whs.mil.campusguides.com/content.php?pid=324900&sid=3435793

The Counterinsurgency Reading List, Center for a New American Security
www.cnas.org/blog/the-counterinsurgency-reading-list-3241

USMC Counterinsurgency Reading List for Marines Deploying to Iraq and Afghanistan
http://smallwarsjournal.com/documents/usmccoinreadinglist.pdf

Counterinsurgency Reading List. War Bird Forum. Picks by LTC John Nagl (Ret).
www.warbirdforum.com/nagl.htm

What to Read on Fighting Insurgencies, Foreign Affairs, July 10, 2009
www.foreignaffairs.com/features/readinglists/what-to-read-on-fighting-insurgencies

Counterinsurgency Reading List, Hand of Reason, 2010
http://handofreason.com/2010/featured/counterinsurgency-reading-list

Counterinsurgency - Marine Corps Research Guides Portal
http://guides.grc.usmcu.edu/content.php?pid=408059&sid=5057427

Recommended Reading List - COIN Training Command - Afghanistan
www.cusnc.navy.mil/ctf-ia/documents/coin%20recommended%20reading%20list.pdf

The Australian Army Counterinsurgency and Small Wars Reading Guide, Working Paper No. 135, Land Warfare Studies Centre, edited by Jeffrey Grey, September 2009.
www.army.gov.au/Our-future/Publications/Research-Papers/Working-Papers/WP135

Iraq Wars Bibliography, Clemson.
www.clemson.edu/caah/history/facultypages/EdMoise/iraqbib.html

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Reports, Publications and Resources about Counterinsurgency
(listed in chronological order)


2016

Gurney, Michael J., "How to Win a Counterinsurgency Campaign: Effective Integration of Assessments and Information into the Planning of Military Operations", Army Press Online Journal, 16-13, 18 March 2016.
http://armypress.dodlive.mil/files/2016/03/16-13-Gurney-18Mar16a.pdf

Bunkder, Dr. Robert J., Old and New Insurgency Forms, Strategic Studies Institute (SSI), March 15, 2016. This paper studies the different types of insurgencies - dividing them into legacy, contemporary, emergent, and potential insurgency forms. It also provides strategic implications for U.S. defense policy.
www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1313

Miller, Gregory D., "On Winning Hearts and Minds: Key Conditions for Population-Centric COIN", Small Wars Journal, February 8, 2016. Miller's article examines certain conditions that affect the likelihood of success for a population-centric approach to counterinsurgency.
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/on-winning-hearts-and-minds-key-conditions-for-population-centric-coin

Hill, Andrew, Ignoring the Army's Recent Past Will Not Help It Win Future Wars, War on the Rocks, February 2, 2016. The author presents a critique of the "Future of the Army" report by National Commission on the Future of the Army presented to Congress and the President dated January 28, 2016. He cites the neglect to address stability and counterinsurgency operations in the 208 page report.
http://warontherocks.com/2016/02/ignoring-the-armys-recent-past-will-not-help-it-win-future-wars/

Chandler, Michael, COIN Logistics: Let's Do Camels, Small Wars Journal, January 31, 2016. A logistics officer compares the costs and time of camels vs. motorized transportation for log and resupply operations in a counterinsurgency environment.
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/coin-logistics-let's-do-camels


2015

Heitz, Jesse A., "The Classical Principles of Counterinsurgency are Inadequate for Countering Global Insurgency", Small Wars Journal, December 30, 2015.
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/the-classical-principles-of-counterinsurgency-are-inadequate-for-countering-global-insurgen

Chakrabarti, Kaustav Dhar. Challenges in Designing Counterinsurgency Policy: An Institutionalist Perspective, Observer Research Foundation (ORF) Occasional Paper #71, September 2014. The author examines 'population-centric' and 'enemy-centric' COIN strategy.
http://orfonline.org/cms/export/orfonline/modules/occasionalpaper/attachments/OccasionalPaper_71_1441865256946.pdf


2014

Tyrrell, Wayne. "How Counterinsurgency Has Changed Across the 20th and Into the 21st Century", Small Wars Journal, October 26, 2014.
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/%E2%80%9Chow-counterinsurgency-has-changed-across-the-20th-and-into-the-21st-century%E2%80%9D

Griffin, Colonel Michael C., Rethinking Victory in Counterinsurgency, United States Army War College, Carlisle Barracks, PA. October 2014. The author suggests replacing the term "victory" with "success" when discussing desirable endstates for counterinsurgency.
http://pksoi.army.mil/Publications/Papers/Griffin%20monograph.pdf

Simons, Greg. "Digging Our Own Grave? The Results of CT, COIN and Regime Change". Small Wars Journal, July 30, 2014.
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/digging-our-own-grave . . .

King, LCDR Vincent S. Counterinsurgency: A Forgotten U.S. Strategy, Joint Forces Staff College (Master's Thesis), Norfolk, VA, 13 June 2014.
www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=AD600200

Watts, Stephen and Stephanie Pezard. "Rethinking Small-Footprint Interventions", Parameters, Strategic Studies Institute, Spring 2014.
http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/ . . . WattsPezard.pdf

Ucko, David H. and Robert C. Egnell. "Options for Avoiding Counterinsurgencies", Parameters, Strategic Studies Institute, Spring 2014.
http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/ . . . UckoEgnell.pdf

Beljan, Robert. "Why Counterinsurgency Matters for MONUSCO", Small Wars Journal, February 21, 2014.
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/why-counterinsurgency-matters-for-monusco

Bunker, Dr. Robert J. Not your Grandfather's Insurgency - Criminal, Spiritual, and Plutocratic, Strategic Studies Institute, February 20, 2014.
www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/index.cfm/articles/Not-Your-Grandfathers-Insurgency-Criminal-Spiritual-and-Plutocratic/2014/02/20

Cohen, Ariel. Russia's Counterinsurgency in North Caucasus: Performance and Consequences. This paper explores the strategic threat of religious extremism and Moscow's response. March 2014. Posted on U.S. Army War College site.
www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/download.cfm?q=1189

McBrid, Michael. "An Uncomfortable War in the Graveyard of Empires", Small Wars Journal, February 22, 2014.
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/an-uncomfortable-war-in . . .

October 24, 2014. "A Small War in Cameroon", Small Wars Journal. Article by Elizabeth Rechniewski about the French COIN war in Cameroon during 1955-1964.

Watts, Stephen et al. Partner Capacity in Counterinsurgency Campaigns, RAND Corporation, 2014.
www.rand.org/pubs/research_briefs/RB9765.html

Ucko, David, Best Practice or Best Strategy: Can New COIN Doctrine Win Future Wars?, ISN, 27 May, 2014 (accessed 31 July 2014).
www.isn.ethz.ch/Digital-Library/Articles/Detail/?lng=en&id=180195


2013

Petraeus, David H., Reflections on the Counter-Insurgency Era, in this speech before the Royal United Services Institute (RUSI) Petraeus reflects on COIN in the past decade and draws lessons for the future. June 2013.
www.rusi.org/publications/journal/ref:A520B595DB79D4/#.Ugux65K1F8E

Walsh, Dr. James Igoe. The Effectiveness of Drone Strikes in Counterinsurgency and Counterterrorism Campaigns, September 2013. Strategic Studies Institute.
www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?pubID=1167

2012

David Betz, 'Counter-insurgency, Victorian Style', Survival: Global Politics and Strategy, vol. 54, no. 4, August–September 2012, pp. 161-182. David Betz is a Senior Lecturer in the War Studies Department, King's College London, where he heads the Insurgency Research Group. His article is about Sir Charles E. Callwell's classic Small Wars, first published in 1896.  The Betz article was accessed here on August 5, 2012.

Connable, Ben, Jason Campbell, Bryce Loidolt, and Gail Fisher.  Assessing Freedom of Movement for Counterinsurgency Campaigns.  RAND Corporation, January 2012.

2011

Mumford, Dr. Andrew.  "Puncturing the Counterinsurgency Myth: Britain and Irregular Warfare in the Past, Present, and Future".  Strategic Studies Institute of the United States Army War College, September 2011.

Roberson, LTC Patrick B. Understanding Advisory Roles in Large Scale Counterinsurgencies, School of Advanced Military Studies, USACGSC, Fort Leavenworth, KS, AY 2010-2011.

2010

Coste, Colonel Philippe.  Doctrine for Counterinsurgency at the Tactical Level.  Armee de Terre, Forces Employment Doctrine Center, Paris, France. April 2010.  Found here at Small Wars Journal.

Khalili, Laleh.  "The New (and Old) Classics of Counterinsurgency," Middle East Report (255), 2010.  Accessed here www.merip.org/mer/mer255/khalili.html on February 22, 2012. The author explores the writings on counterinsurgency from early in the century to the 2010 - authors mentioned include Sir Charles Gwynn, T.E. Lawrence, Mao Tse-tung, David Kilcullen, David Gualula, John Nagl, Kalev Seep, Jim Gant, Thomas Ricks and others.

Kendall, John A.  "Afghanistan: The Importance of Political Maneuver in Counterinsurgency Operations".  Small Wars Journal, 2010.

Litchfield, MAJ John D.  "Unconventional Counterinsurgency: Leveraging Traditional Social Networks and Irregular Forces in Remote and Ungoverned Areas".  Paper for School of Advanced Military Studies, United States Army Command and General Staff College, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas, AY 2010.

Nagl, John and Richard Weltz.  Counterinsurgency and the Future of NATO.  Chicago Council, Transatlantic Paper Series No. 1, October 2010.

Olson, Eric T. Some of the Best Weapons for Counterinsurgents Do Not Shoot, October 2010. Posted on Strategic Studies Institute.
www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/display.cfm?PubID=1027

Scham, Sandra A. Counter-Insurgency Programming: A Meta-Evaluation, USAID, 2010.
http://pdf.usaid.gov/pdf_docs/PDACR566.pdf

2009

Hack, Carl. Extracting Counterinsurgency Lessons: The Malayan Emergency and Afghanistan, Royal United Services Institute (RUSI), 28 Nov 2009.
www.rusi.org/analysis/commentary/ref:C4B14E068758F1/#.Uz7r-vmSySo

Rosenau, William and Austin Long.  The Phoenix Program and Contemporary Counterinsurgency.  RAND Corporation, July 2009.  (PDF file).
www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/occasional_papers/2009/RAND_OP258.pdf

2008

Amend, Kurt.  Counterinsurgency Principles for the Diplomat. July, 2008. Accessed here at Small Wars Journal.

Demarest, Geoffrey. Property &  Peace: Insurgency, Strategy and the Statute of Frauds, DIA, 2008. Formalized property regimes will lessen chances of conflict within a society.
http://fmso.leavenworth.army.mil/documents/Property-and-Peace.pdf

2007

Baker, Jim. "Systems Thinking and Counterinsurgencies", Parameters, Winter 2006-07: pages 26-43.
http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/Articles/06winter/baker.pdf

Finlayson, Colonel Andrew R., USMC (Ret). A Restrospective on Counterinsurgency Operations: The Tay Ninh Provincial Reconnaissance Unit and the Phoenix Program, 1969-70. Central Intelligence Agency, 2007.
www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/csi-studies/studies/vol51no2/a-retrospective-on-counterinsurgency-operations.html

Gompert, David C. Heads We Win: The Cognitive Side of Counterinsurgency,  RAND Occasional Paper, 2007.
www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/occasional_papers/2007/RAND_OP168.pdf

Ladwig, Walter C., III. "Managing Counterinsurgency: Lessons from Malaya", Military Review,  May-June 2007: 56-66.
http://users.ox.ac.uk/~mert1769/MalayaCOIN.pdf

Metz, Steven. Learning from Iraq: Counterinsurgency in American Strategy,  Carlise, PA: Strategic Studies Institute, 2007.
www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/pub752.pdf

Muckian, Martin. "Structural Vulnerabilities of Networked Insurgencies: Adapting to the New Adversary", Parameters, Winter 2006-07: 14-25.
http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/Articles/06winter/muckian.pdf

Rosenau, William. Subversion and Insurgency, RAND Occasional Paper, 2007.
www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/occasional_papers/2007/RAND_OP172.pdf

2006

Bensahel, Nora. "Preventing Insurgenices after Major Combat Operations", Defense Studies, Volume 6, No. 3, September 2006: 278-291.
www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/reprints/2007/RAND_RP1242.pdf

Cassidy, Robert M. "The Long Small War: Indigenous Forces for Counterinsurgency", Parameters, Summer 2006. Posted on Strategic Studies Institute.
http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/ . . ./cassidy.pdf

Cohen, Eliot, et al. "Principles, Imperatives, and Paradoxes of Counterinsurgency", Military Review,  March-April 2006: 49-53.
www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/milreview/cohen.pdf

Hoffman, Bruce. From the War on Terror to Global Counterinsurgency,  Dec 2006.
www12.georgetown.edu/ . . . Hoffman Dec 2006.pdf

Kilcullen, David. Counterinsurgency Redux, Air University, USAF, 2006.
www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/uscoin/counterinsurgency_redux.pdf

Kilcullen, David. "Twenty-Eight Articles: Fundamentals of Company-level Counterinsurgency", March 2006.
http://usacac.army.mil/cac2/coin/repository/28_Articles_of_COIN-Kilcullen(Mar06).pdf

Kiszely, John. "Learning About Counter-Insurgency", RUSI Journal,  Dec 2006, 16-21.
http://usacac.army.mil/ . . . Learning_About_Counterinsurgency . . . .pdf

Long, Austin. On "Other War": Lessons from Five Decades of RAND Counter-insurgency Research, Santa Monica, RAND Corporation, 2006.
www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG482.pdf

Record, Jeffrey. "External Assistance: Enabler of Insurgent Success", Parameters,  Autumn 2006: pages 36-49.
http://strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pubs/parameters/Articles/06autumn/record.pdf

Record, Jeffrey. "The American Way of War: Cultural Barriers to Successful Counterinsurgency", September 1, 2006. CATO Institute Policy Analysis No. 577.
www.cato.org/publications/policy-analysis/american-way-war-cultural-barriers-successful-counterinsurgency

Stewart, Richard. CORDS and the Vietnam Experience: An Interagency Organization for Counterinsurgency and Pacification,  National War College Research Paper, 1 May 2006.

Vick, Alan J. et al, Air Power in the New Counterinsurgency Era: The Strategic Importance of USAF Advisory and Assistance Missions, United States Air Force, 2006.
www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/monographs/2006/RAND_MG509.pdf

2005

Byman, Daniel. Going to War with the Allies You Have: Allies, Counterinsurgency, and the War on Terrorism,  Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute (SSI), 2005.
www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/pdffiles/pub630.pdf

Demarest, LTC (Ret) Geoffrey B. and LTC (Ret) Lester W. Grau, "Maginot Line or Fort Apache? Using Forts to Shape the Counterinsurgency Battlefield", Military Review, November-December 2005.
http://fmso.leavenworth.army.mil/documents/maginot-line.pdf

Sepp, Kalev L. "Best Practices in Counterinsurgency", Military Review,  June 05: 8-12.
www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/milreview/sepp.pdf

2004

Cassidy, Robert M. "Back to the Street Without Joy: Counterinsurgency Lessons from Vietnam and Other Small Wars", Parameters, Summer 2004: 73-83.

Grdovic, Mark. "Understanding Counterinsurgency", Special Warfare,  Dec 2004: 5-8.
www.dvidshub.net/publication/issues/8230

Elkhamri, Mounir, Lester Grau, et al. Urban Population Control in Counterinsurgency, 2004.
http://fmso.leavenworth.army.mil/documents/Urban-control.pdf

Hoffman, Bruce.  Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Iraq.  Santa Monica, CA: RAND, National Security Research Division, 2004.  http://rand.org/pubs/occasional_papers/OP127/index.html

Kilcullen. "Countering Global Insurgency", Small Wars Journal,  November 30, 2004.
http://smallwarsjournal.com/documents/kilcullen.pdf

2003

Cassidy, Robert M., "Winning the War of the Flea: Lessons from Guerrilla Warfare," Military Review 83.5 (September-October 2003).

1995

Childress, Michael. The Effectiveness of U.S. Training Efforts in Internal Defense and Development: The Cases of El Salvador and Honduras, RAND Corporation, 1995.
www.rand.org/pubs/monograph_reports/MR250.html

1991

Schwarz, Benjamin C. American Counterinsurgency Doctrine and El Salvador: The Frustrations of Reform and the Illusions of Nation Building,  Santa Monica: RAND Corporation, 1991.
www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/reports/2006/R4042.pdf

1984

Blaufarb, Douglas S. and George K. Tanham. Fourteen Points: A Framework for the Analysis of Counterinsurgency,  1984.

1972

Cooper, Chester L., et al. The American Experience with Pacification in Vietnam, Volume I: An Overview of Pacification. Institute for Defense Analyses, March 1972.
www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/763953.pdf

Cooper, Chester L., et al. The American Experience with Pacification in Vietnam: Volume II: Elements of Pacification, Institute for Defense Analyses, March 1972.
www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a021419.pdf

Cooper, Chester L., et al. The American Experience with Pacification in Vietnam: Volume III: History of Pacification, Institute for Defense Analyses, March 1972.
www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/a024084.pdf

1963

Farmer, James. Counter-Insurgency: Viet-Nam 1962-1963, RAND Corporation, August 1963. P-2778. This paper describes the political and motivating forces in Viet-Nam, the strategic hamlet program, government organization, and U.S. advisory efforts.
www.rand.org/content/dam/rand/pubs/papers/2006/P2778.pdf

1962

Jureidini, Paul A. et al. Casebook on Insurgency and Revolutionary Warfare: 23 Summary Accounts, Washington: SORO, 1962.
www.soc.mil/ARIS/Casebook%20Vol%202%20%2004-27-12S.pdf

1917

Lawrence, T.E. "The 27 Articles of T.E. Lawrence", The Arab Bulletin,  August 20, 1917.
wwi.lib.byu.edu/index.php/The_27_Articles_of_T.E._Lawrence

 

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Military Publications on Counterinsurgency

FM 3-7, Stability Operations, 2008.

Army Doctrine Reference Publication (ADRP) 3-07, Stability, Aug 12.
http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/DR_pubs/dr_a/pdf/adrp3_07.pdf

Army Techniques Publication, ATP 3-07.5, Stability Techniques, Aug 12.
http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/DR_pubs/dr_a/pdf/atp3_07x5.pdf

JP 3-07, Stability Operations, 29 September 2011.
www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jointpub_operations.htm

FM 3-07.22.  Counterinsurgency Operations.  October 2004.

FM 3-24, Insurgencies and Countering Insurgencies. Headquarters, Department of the Army, May 2014. See Chapter 8 - Intelligence.
http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/DR_pubs/dr_a/pdf/fm3_24.pdf

NEW: FM 3-24, Insurgencies and Countering Insurgencies. Headquarters, Department of the Army, May 2014. (200 pages, 6 MBs).
http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/DR_pubs/dr_a/pdf/fm3_24.pdf

OLD: Field Manual 3-24, Counterinsurgency (Washington, DC: Department of the Army), December 2006.
http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/Active_FM.html

Field Manual 3-24.2, Tactics in Counterinsurgency, (Washington, DC: Department of the Army), April 21, 2009.
http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/Active_FM.html

Joint Publication 3-24.  Counterinsurgency.  November 22, 2013.
www.dtic.mil/doctrine/new_pubs/jointpub_operations.htm

DoD Directive 3000.5, Military Support for Stability, Security, Transition, and Reconstruction (SSTR) Operations, 2005.

Department of State, U.S. Government Counterinsurgency Guide, January 2009.
www.state.gov/documents/organization/119629.pdf


Historical Military Publications on Counterinsurgency

"The US Army thinking and doctrine on COIN tactics since the end of World War II have focused on the conduct of counterguerrilla operations in the later stages of insurgency. The Army has seen itself as defeating guerrilla forces - usually communist forces - rather than defeating an entire insurgency. It saw success as something it could achieve by using the force of arms directly against guerrilla forces".
FM 3-24.2 1.

This doctrine of COIN began to take shape after World War II in the various manuals on found below.

FM 31-23, Stability and Support Operations, 1972.

FM 31-16, Counterguerrilla Operations, 1963.

FM 31-22, US Counterinsurgency Force, 1963.

FM 31-15, Operations Against Irregular Forces, 1961.

FM 31-20, Operations Against Guerrilla Forces, 1951.

FM 100-20, Military Operations in Low Intensity Conflict, 1990. Parts of FM 100-20 have been integrated into FM 3-24.2.

FM 90-8, Counterguerrilla Operations, 1986. FM 3-24.2 is the successor to FM 90-8.

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Books on Counterinsurgency

Blaufarb, Douglas E. Counterinsurgency Era: US Doctrine 1950 to Present. London: The Free Press, 1977.

Callwell, Charles E.  Small Wars: Their Principles and Practice.  Lincoln, NE: Univeristy of Nebraska Press, 1996. The book is available on Amazon.com at this link Small Wars: Their Principles and Practice (Third Edition).

Coates, John.  Suppressing Insurgency: An Analysis of the Malayan Emergency, 1948-1954.  Westview Print Inc., Boulder, CO: 1992.

Connable, Ben. Embracing the Fog of War, 2012. The book is about conducting assessments and using metrics in counterinsurgency. Read more about the book here.

Fairburn, Geoffry. Revolutionary Guerrilla Warfare.  Penguin Books, England: 1974.

Fall, Bernard B.  Last Reflections On a War.  Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, 1967.

Galua, David.  Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice.  New York: Praeger, 1964.  A French military officer helps to define the laws of counterinsurgency warfare and outline strategy and tactics.  The book is available on Amazon.com at Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and Practice.

Gentile, Colonel Gian, Wrong Turn: America's Deadly Embrace of Counterinsurgency, (New York: The New Press, 2013). Available here Wrong Turn on Amazon.com. Book reviews on Wrong Turn can be veiwed here.

Hammes, Thomas X.  The Sling and the Stone: On War in the 21st Century.  St. Paul, MN: Zenith Press, 2004.

Ives, Christopher K. U.S. Army Special Forces and Counterinsurgency in Vietnam. New York: Routledge, 2007.

Kitson, Frank.  Low-Intensity Operations: Subversion, Insurgency, Peacekeeping.  Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole Books, 1971.

Krepinevich, Andrew F.  The Army and Vietnam.  Baltimore, MD: John Hopkins University Press, 1986.

Lawrence, T.E.  Seven Pillars of Wisdom, A Triumph.  Garden City, N.Y.: Doubleday, Doran & Co., 1935.

Lawrence, T.E. "The Evolution of a Revolt."  Army Quarterly and Defense Journal, October 1920.  Reprinted atFort Leavenworth, Kansas: Combat Studies Institute, 1989. (Adobe Acrobat file - 3 MBs - click here.)

Lewis, Bernard.  The Crisis of Islam: Holy War and Unholy Terror.  New York: Modern Library, 2003.

Linn, Brian M.  The Philippine War, 1899-1902.  Lawrence: Univeristy Press of Kansas, 2000.

McCuen, Jack.  The Art of Counter-Revolutionary Warfare.  1966.

Nagl, John A.  Counterinsurgency Lessons From Malaysia and Vietnam: Learning to Eat Soup with a Knife.  Westport, CT: Praeger, 2002.

O'Neil, Bard E.  Insurgency & Terrorism: From Revolution to Acopcalyspe.  Washington, D.C.: Potomac Books, 2005.

Porch, Douglas, Counterinsurgency: Exposing the Myths of the New Way of War, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2013.

Ramsey, Robert D. Advising Indigenous Forces: American Advisors in Korea, Vietnam, and El Salvador, Fort Leavenworth: combat Studies Institute Press, 2007.

Thompson, Sir Robert.  Defeating Communist Insurgency: The Lessons of Malaya and Vietnam.  Studies in International Security: 10, Praeger Publishers, NY: 1966.

Trevett, Michael F.  Isolating the Guerrilla.  Tate Publishing, 2011. The book examines 25 counterinsurgency case studies.  Available on Amazon.com here - Isolating the Guerrilla.  Read more information and book reviews on Isolating the Guerrilla.

Tse-Tung, Mao.  On Guerrilla Warfare.  The Nautical & Aviation Publishing Company of America.  Baltimore, MD: 1992.

West, Bing.  The Village.  New York, N.Y.: Pocket Books, 2003.  Military advisors relate their experiences of being embedded with Vietnamese units.

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Movies & Videos About Counterinsurgency

The Battle of Algiers.  1966.  The movie portrays the violent struggle in the late 1950s for Algerian independence from France.  It has a documentary style and portrays members of the Algerian Liberation Front (F.L.N.) fighting for independence and French forces engaged in counter-insurgency.  The movie can be bought at amazon.com here.  The Battle of Algiers.

Algerian War 1954-1962: Roots of  Counterinsurgency. 2011. A documentary of the French fight with the Algerian resistance. Buy the DVD at Amazon.com.
Algerian War 1954-1962: Roots of Counterinsurgency.

Videos about Counterinsurgency. Posted on YouTube
www.youtube.com/results?search_query=counterinsurgency

Great Films on Small Wars. Kings of War Blog, Department of War Studies, King's College, London, UK. A listing of 20 films on political violence, insurgency, and counterinsurgency.
http://kingsofwar.org.uk/2010/02/films/

"A Brief History of Counterinsurgency: Amigo", The L Magazine, August 17, 2011. A review of a movie about COIN in the Phillipines in the early 1900s.
www.thelmagazine.com/ . . . history-of-counterinsurgency-amigo . . .

Contact 885. A USMC special film report (MH-10278-F) on guerrilla warfare in Vietnam, 1966. 13 minutes long.
https://archive.org/details/Contact_885

Geneva Conventions and Counterinsurgency. U.S. Army, TF-27-3616, 1965. U.S. Army training film on the provisions and applicability of Article 3 of the Geneva Conventioins of 1949 as related to treatment of military and civilian victims of insurgencies.
https://archive.org/details/TF-27-3616

Human Terrain: War Becomes Academic. 2009. Movie about the Human Terrain System (HTS) and Human Terrain Teams (HTTs) deployed in Afghanistan.
http://humanterrainmovie.com

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News and Magazine Articles about Counterinsurgency


2016

September 2, 2016. "We Need a Stakehoder-Centric Counterinsurgency Doctrine", Small Wars Journal. An interview by Octavian Manea with Karsten Friis. We need to look beyond the dichotomy of 'population-centric' and 'enemy-centric' COIN and retain the insights and lessons learned of the past decade of warfare.
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/we-need-a-stakeholder-centric-counterinsurgency-doctrine

August 5, 2016. "A Primer on Counterinsurgent Warfare", Small Wars Journal, by Vince Tumminello. The author presents the case that there are three types of counterinsurgency: population-centric, enemy-centric, and punishment-centric.
http://smallwarsjournal.com/jrnl/art/a-primer-on-counterinsurgent-warfare

March 7, 2016. "Uncertain Coinage", Defense-in-Depth, King's College, London. Dr. Geraint Hughes, a student of counterinsurgency and formerly of the London Regiment of the Territorial Army, writes that the terminological distinctions between COIN, PSO, 'stabilisation', and 'major combat operations' are potentially becoming increasingly less relevant.

February 3, 2016. "Death Solves All Problems: The Authoritarian Counterinsurgency Toolkit", by Daniel Byman, War on the Rocks. Despite common belief, repressive regimes can win the COIN fight.


2015

December 3, 2015. "Myth-Busting Frency Counterinsurgency", by Terrence Peterson, War on the Rocks. The author says that relying on the writings of David Gulula and Roger Trinquier (two French officers) to understand the French COIN experience in Algeria is misleading.

March-April 2015. "Why Counterinsurgency Doesn't work: The Problem is the Strategy, Not the Execution", Foreign Affairs.

January 21, 2015. "The Shirt of Nessus: The Rise and Fall of Western Counterinsurgency", Quadrant Magazine, by Micheal Evans. The author notes that COIN has fallen into disfavor yet the very groups of terrorists and insurgents that COIN is employed against only seem to be stronger - he asks what replaces COIN in an effort to combat Islamist extremists and other types of insurgents.

2014

December 1, 2014. "The Failure of Counterinsurgency: Afghanistan". The World Report.

December 1, 2014. "COIN is a Proven Failure". The American Conservative. A U.S. Army officer, LTC Daniel L. Davis, provides his perspective of COIN in Afghanistan and Iraq.

November / December 2014. "More Small Wars: Counterinsurgency is Here to Stay", by Max Boot posted on Foreign Affairs. Small wars are not going away.

July 14, 2014. "Revisiting COIN Strategies in Vietnam", By Chris Miller, Cicero Magazine. An examination of North Vietnams propaganda efforts that capitalized on the missteps of the Saigon regime and the United States.

July 10, 2014. A Counterinsurgent Lion Passes Away". Small Wars Journal. The passing of retired Columbian General Alvaro Valencia is noted.

April 16, 2014. "Next COIN manual tries to take commanders beyond Iraq and Afghanistan". Stars and Stripes. Revised COIN manual is due to be released in May 2014.

February 2014. "COIN experts say operational context is key". Bayonet & Saber. Authors David Ucko and Robert Egnell provide insight on how to conduct COIN.

February 21, 2014. "Military needs to remember lessons about fighting insurgencies". Mainline Media News.

February 18, 2014. "Counterinsurgency expert: We need to rethink how we fight". The Tampa Tribune.

January 28, 2014. "Front Row Seat: Watching COIN Fail in Afghanistan". War on the Rocks.

January 24, 2014. "Failure to Learn: Reflections on a Career in the Post-Vietnam Army", War on the Rocks Blog.

2013

October 2013. "The Limits of Counterinsurgency Doctrine in Afghanistan: The Other Side of COIN". Foreign Affairs. Karl W. Eikenberry comments on COIN in Afghanistan.

October 2, 2013. "The Demise of Chin Peng: End of Classical Counterinsurgency Era? - Analysis". Eurasia Review. Leader of Malayan insurgency dies.

September 24, 2013. "Review - Anatomy of a Bad Idea: COIN Best Practices". By Harvey M. Sapolsky posted on e-Internatonal Relations.

September 1, 2013. "Reflections on the 'Counterinsurgency Decade': Interview with General David H. Petraeus". Small Wars Journal, By Octavian Manea.

August 26, 2013. "Algeria and Malaya: A Tale of Two Distinct and Dramatically Different Counterinsurgency Campaigns", Small Wars Journal, by Daniel T. Canfield.

August 3, 2013. "Counterinsurgency: The Graduate Level of War or Pure Hokum?" e-International Relations. Gian Gentile discounts counterinsurgency doctrine.

July 31, 2013. "MCoE playing role in COIN doctrine revision". Bayonet & Saber. The Maneuver Center of Excellence is involved in re-writing FM 3-24.2.

July 30, 2013. "The Myth of the Better War". By Christopher Preble on Reason.com. A reivew of Colonel Gian Gentile's book - Wrong Turn: America's Embrace of Counterinsurgency available here Wrong Turn on Amazon.com.

April 9, 2013. "Aligning FM 3-24 Counterinsurgency with Reality". By Stephen L. Melton, Small Wars Journal. Author critiques large-COIN footprint, recommends SFA.

2012

August 6, 2012.  "What hath COIN wrought?".  The Kings of War blog.

August 3, 2012.  "Review - The Counter-Counter Insurgency Manual".  By James Hevia on e-International Relations website.  Accessed here on August 7, 2012.

July 17, 2012.  "Counterinsurgency and Gender: The Case of the Female Engagement Teams", e-International Relations, by Annick T.R. Wibben and Kealley McBride.  Accessed here on August 7, 2012.

Summer 2012.  "The Gendering of Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan", By Keally McBride and Annick T.R. Wibben, posted on Humanity.  Accessed here on August 7, 2012.

March 19, 2012.  "The Role of State Building in COIN", by Richard J. Vale, e-International Relations.  Accessed here on August 7, 2012.

March 10, 2012.  "Colombia's lessons for counterinsurgency - and Afghanistan".  by Michael O'Hanlon, CNN World News.

January 17, 2012. "Flipping the COIN".  The Boston Globe.

January 13, 2012.  Golden Era of COIN: Doing it Right.  Best Defense Blog.

January 12, 2012.  "Pop-COIN and 'The Death of American Strategy'".  By A.E. Stahl, Defence IQ.

2011

December 29, 2011.  "The Army We Need".  By Jim Lacy, National Review Online.

December 19, 2011.  "This isn't the COIN you're looking for".  By Michael Few, The AFPAK Channel.

December 16, 2011. "COIN is dead, long live the COIN".  By Ryan Evans, The AFPAK Channel.

December 5, 2011.  "COIN Center seeks input on FM 3-24 Rewrite".  Small Wars Journal.

December 2, 2011.  "The risks of military cutbacks".  David Ignatius, The Washington Post.

October 8, 2011.  "10 Years of Counterinsurgency in Afghanistan - Is It Working?" ABC News.

September 12, 2011.  "All That Works is Obsolete: The Shortcomings of US COIN That Must Be Addressed",  by Wiliam Thomson, posted on e-International Relations. Accessed here on August 7, 2012.

Summer 2011.  "The Death of American Strategy".  Gian P. Gentile, Infinity Journal.

2010

December 21, 2010.  "What is the difference between counter-insurgency and counter-terrorism?", by Simon Pratt, posted on e-International Relations. Accessed here on August 7, 2012.

August 17, 2010.  "The Road to Charikar - Where we are in Afghanistan".  The Counterinsurgency Journal.

August 13, 2010. "The 'Hearts and Minds' Guys". Foreign Policy Magazine.

July 29, 2010.  "Gen. Petraeus issues new COIN guidance to ISAF troops".  COIN Central.

July 27, 2010.  "Understanding COIN".  Human Events.

July 25, 2010.  "In Afghanistan, why does counterinsurgency work in some places but not others?"  The Washington Post.

July 22, 2010.  "Counterinsurgency and Its Discontents".  David Ucko, Kings of War.

July 22, 2010.  "Peter Walls, General in Zimbabwe, Dies at 83".  The New York Times.

July 22, 2010.  "The Great Myth: Counterinsurgency".  Institute for Policy Studies.

July 14, 2010.  "David Kilcullen".  Interview with Tavis Smiley, NPR.

July 1, 2010. "Counterinsurgency Down for the Count in Afghanistan". Ann Jones, The Nation.

June 9, 2010.  "The Lone Guerrilla Paradox and the Failure of COIN Doctrine in Afghanistan".  Defense Tech.

March 14, 2010.  "Winning the war, 'one tribe at a time'".  Fredericksburg.com.

March 14, 2010. "Af Afghan outpost, Marines gone rogue or leading the fight against counterinsurgency?"  The Washington Post.

January 30, 2010.  "Pentagon Shifts Its Strategy to Small-Scale Warfare".  The Wall Street Journal.

January 17, 2010.  "Jim Gant, the Green Beret who could win the war in Afghanistan".  The Washington Post.

January 8, 2010.  "Exploiting Afghan Tribal Militias for an Optimal Counterinsurgency Campaign".  Veterans Today.

2009

December 2009.  "The COINdinistas".  Foreign Policy.

December 6, 2009. "Obama's COIN Toss", The Washington Post.

October 28, 2009.  "Beyond COIN v. CT or COIN + CT: An Emerging Third Position".  Blackfive.

October 21, 2009.  "Counterterrorism within the Afghanistan Counterinsurgency".  Center for Strategic and International Studies.

October 9, 2009.  "Women in COIN (II): How to do it right".  Foreign Policy.

September 23, 2009.  "Counterinsurgents Grapple With Next Afghanistan Moves".  The Washington Independent.

August 27, 2009.  "ISAF Commander Issues Counterinsurgency Guidance".  ISAF.

March 16, 2009.  "A Counterinsurgency Primer".  Wall Street Journal.

2005

May-June 2005.  "Best Practices in Counterinsurgency."  Sepp, Kalev I.  Military Review 85 (May-June 2005): 8-12. www.au.af.mil/au/awc/awcgate/milreview/sepp.pdf

2004

Winter 2004.  "Insurgency and Counterinsurgency in Iraq".  Washington Quarterly 27 (Winter 2004): 25-36.  www.twq.com/04winter/docs/04winter_metz.pdf

Spring 2004.  "Relearning Counterinsurgency Warfare."  Parameters 34 (Spring 2004): 16-28.  www.carlisle.army.mil/usawc/parameters/04spring/tomes.pdf

January 11, 2004.  "The Counterinsurgent."  The New York Times Magazine.  Peter Maass.  www.petermaass.com/articles/the_counterinsurgent/

2003

August 26, 2003. "A Lesson from John Paul Vann". Military.com. A counterinsurgent from the Vietnam era has much to teach us on counterinsurgency.

2002

April 1, 2002.  "Peacekeeping Lite in Afghanistan".  CATO Institute.

1992

October 1992.  "Communal Strife: The Insurgency of the Future".  Norvell B. DeAtkine, Special Warfare, October 1992.

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Endnotes

1. Quote on early US Army COIN doctrine and reference manuals is from FM 3-24.2, Tactics in Counterinsurgency, April 21, 2009, page ix.
http://armypubs.army.mil/doctrine/Active_FM.html


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